Logical consequences: What is, examples, difference from punishments

Updated Oct 18, 2023
What are logical consequences?

Children will cross and push boundaries, they are only human after all! Even if you have read every book in the parenting aisle, bookmarked all positive parenting articles, and saved all the positive parenting scripts on Instagram, your child at some point will behave in a way that will make you ask yourself: Is it time for a consequence? 

Despite what you might have read on social media (conflicting parenting advice is everywhere nowadays), consequences are not bad, they are necessary for healthy development, and the appropriate use of them can actually encourage the development of self-regulation skills [1] in children. 

Consequences are a great way to help children experience the results of their actions and choices in a positive way, surrounded by safety and support. The top positive parenting programs [2] that are backed by research, all involve the use of logical consequences to manage behavior in children.

In positive parenting, a logical consequence is respectfully assigned by the parent, and is reasonable enough for the child to understand and relate to the choice they made. Let’s dive deep into logical consequences and how to apply them in our day-to-day life. 


Consequences vs punishments 

Examples and scenarios of logical consequences

4 strategies and tips to integrate logical consequences into daily life

Logical consequence FAQ

Consequences are different from punishments because they are not looking to shame the child, instill pain, or enforce power over them. Instead, a consequence is meant to be a learning experience delivered respectfully, with the final objective of teaching the child a skill. When a consequence is not reasonable or respectful towards the child, then it becomes a punishment. While some parents still use spanking and other forms of corporal punishment, physical punishment (such as hitting) is not a logical consequence and can cause more harm than good [3]. Let’s look at a common scenario and how punishment would differ from a consequence: Your little preschooler is running inside the living room while holding a cup of water and accidentally slips and spills water over the floor. A punishment for this behavior would be sending your child to their room for a time-out. 

On the other hand, a logical consequence would look like talking to your child about what happened, reminding them of your “no running with food” rule, and asking them to help clean up the water from the floor. A punishment makes the child feel shame, while the logical consequence helps them reflect on their actions and experience the consequences of their choices. 

Every day is an opportunity for your child to learn something new, and consequences are a part of that. Below is a list of logical consequences during common day situations and how they can be applied:

BehaviorLogical consequence example
Child intentionally throws water over the bathtub with their play bucket.The bucket is removed and the child helps clean up after the bath.
Child is playing unsafely with scissors during a craft activity. They take a break to calm down and resume activity later.
Child keeps getting out of bed to play with a toy at night.The parent removes the toy from the bedroom for the night.
Child didn’t want to do their homework.They can’t watch TV in the afternoon.

These are examples of common situations with our children, but of course, every child brings their own unique personality and behaviors to the table and you might find yourself trying to come up with a logical consequence on the spot. In order for a logical consequence to align with the positive parenting principles, and not turn into a punishment, remember the 3 R’s of consequences: Related, Respectful, and Reasonable. If the consequence you are establishing is not related to the behavior, then, your child will have trouble understanding the consequences. If you deliver the consequences in a manner that is humiliating or instills fear in the child, then the child will focus on feeling bad and not on the learning opportunities. Finally, the consequence needs to be reasonable and you have to be able to follow through. If you tell your child that they can’t watch TV for a month because they skipped homework one day, this can be unreasonable for both the child and yourself.

A graphic of the 3 R's of logical consequences.

It is normal that children don’t always respond well to consequences (as adults, we struggle with them as well!), but this doesn’t mean that a consequence is not the right choice. As a parent, it is your responsibility to teach your child appropriate behaviors in a firm, but loving way. 

Remember that children do better when they feel better, so invest time in connecting with them in order to nurture your parent-child relationship. Additionally, don’t forget to use preventive measures and positive discipline tools to avoid using consequences all the time. Implementing consequences for every single behavior can overwhelm your child (and yourself)! Here are some tips on how to apply consequences in your day-to-day routine:

The shorter the time between the behavior and the consequence, the better. When too much time passes, your child will have a harder time making the connection between what they did, and how to repair it.

Childhood is the perfect moment to make mistakes - after all, there is someone guiding you in a safe and respectful manner! When establishing a consequence, make sure to remain calm and deliver it in an assertive manner. For example, if your child keeps playing in an unsafe way with their baseball bat after you have explained how to do it correctly, you can say something like: “You are still being unsafe with the baseball bat. Let’s put it away for a while and then we can try to play with it again.”

There are many behaviors that might occur frequently, so if the consequence is known ahead of time, its implementation will be smoother. For example, you can have a standing consequence that if the living room toys aren’t cleaned up, there is no outside playtime. Another standing consequence can look like no eating desserts or candies if you forget to brush your teeth. Remember that prevention strategies work really well to help model expected behaviors. If your child constantly forgets to brush their teeth, and you are exhausted from repeating this, a visual routine or timer can help them remember better.

If the consequences you impose are too big, for example, “no TV for a month” instead of “no TV for a day”, this can cause your child to feel bad about themselves and/or angry, which discourages them from actually learning from the situation. Start small and remember to focus on prevention and connection if you are facing the same behavior frequently.

Logical consequence FAQ

Q: What are logical consequences in parenting?


Logical consequences in parenting are those that are presented and imposed by the parents. Logical consequences must be explained to the child in a respectful manner and be related to the behavior. Logical consequences in parenting are not meant to shame or humiliate, their purpose is to turn negative behaviors into learning experiences.

Q: What are the 3 R’s of logical consequences?


The 3 R’s of logical consequences stand for Related, Respectful, and Reasonable. A logical consequence needs to be related to the negative behavior, respectful in the way it is communicated and enforced, and reasonable for the child’s age and understanding.

Q: How early can I begin using logical consequences with my kids?


Since young toddlers and infants are not able to understand [4] verbal explanations or rationalizations, logical consequences are most effective when they are used with children two years old of age and above. Aside from using logical consequences, parents should also remember to have reasonable expectations for their children’s behavior as they grow.

Q: Is there a time when using logical consequences is not a good idea?


Logical consequences should never pose a danger or put the child at risk. It is also not a good idea to use logical consequences when there is no time in the present to enforce it and make the consequence “logical” to the child. Another time logical consequences are not a good idea is when there is a better opportunity for learning with a natural consequence [5].

Q: What if a logical consequence doesn’t work?


When a logical consequence doesn’t work, and the child keeps repeating the behavior, parents could focus on preventive measures that help build a skill. For example, if a child is constantly forgetting to put their homework in their backpack, the parent can create a checklist for the child so that they remember what to put in their backpack every morning.

Note: The content on this site is for informational purposes only and should not replace medical advice from your doctor, pediatrician, or medical professional. If you have questions or concerns, you should contact a medical professional.

5 Sources


  1. Rosanbalm, K.D., & Murray, D.W. (2017). Caregiver Co-regulation Across Development: A Practice Brief. US. Department of Health and Human Services. https://www.acf.hhs.gov/opre/report/co-regulation-birth-through-young-adulthood-practice-brief

  2. Graaf, Ireen & Speetjens, Paula & Smit, Filip & De Wolff, Marianne & Tavecchio, Louis. (2008). Effectiveness of the Triple P Positive Parenting Program on Parenting: A Meta‐Analysis. Family Relations. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/229692744_Effectiveness_of_the_Triple_P_Positive_Parenting_Program_on_Parenting_A_Meta-Analysis

  3. Gershoff E. T. (2010). More harm than good: A summary of scientific research on the intended and unintended effects of corporal punishment on children. Law and contemporary problems. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8386132/

  4. Effective discipline for children. (2004). Paediatrics & child health. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2719514/

  5. Pryor, D., Tollerud, T. (1999). Applications of Adlerian Principles in School Settings. Professional School Counseling. http://learnbydesign.net/classmanagement/dreikurs/applications%20of%20adlerian%20principles.pdf